Read the section Questionnaires Versus Interviews in the textbook. How are these guidelines similar and different from data collected by nurses when giving care? What principles did you identify that are new to you but could be important in improving your collection of clinical data?
You are interested in nurses’ attitudes toward EBP. Which method do you think would work best to obtain this information: a questionnaire, a face-to-face interview, or a group interview? Defend your answer.
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When it comes to medical education, designing assignments for students is an essential task. As a medical professor, this involves creating lectures, evaluating student performance, and providing feedback through examinations and assignments. In response to the given content, the following are the answers to two discussion questions.
Questionnaires and interviews are two different ways of collecting data. Nurses collect data when giving care that is similar to the use of questionnaires and interviews in research. In both contexts, data is collected by asking patients questions about their symptoms, medical history, and lifestyle habits. However, unlike questionnaires and interviews, nurses obtain data through physical examinations, observations, and assessments of vital signs.
One new principle that is important for improving the collection of clinical data is the use of open-ended questions. This principle involves asking patients questions that require more than a yes or no answer. Open-ended questions allow patients to explain their symptoms in greater detail, providing more comprehensive information for diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, maintaining patient privacy and confidentiality is essential in clinical data collection.
To obtain information about nurses’ attitudes towards EBP (Evidence-Based Practice), a face-to-face interview would be the best method. This is because a face-to-face interview allows the researcher to get in-depth information about nurses’ attitudes and allows for follow-up questions. In contrast, a group interview might not provide a deeper understanding of each individual’s attitude, as group dynamics and peer influence could affect individuals’ responses. Similarly, questionnaires lack the ability to provide detailed explanations and can have low response rates, due to the impersonal nature of the method.
Medical education requires professors to design courses that meet the needs of students. Creating assignments, conducting lectures, evaluating student performance, and providing feedback are crucial parts of the process. Knowing how to collect data through questionnaires, interviews, and nursing care is essential for the collection of clinical data. Additionally, understanding the principles of data collection, such as maintaining patient confidentiality and using open-ended questions, can improve the quality of data collected.