After completing this unit, you should be able to:
- Analyze U.S. food aid programs for the economically disadvantaged and older adults.
- Examine the prescriptions for and benefits of daily physical activity.
- Develop evidenced-based stress management interventions that can be used in clinical practice.
Topic 1: Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management: Clinical Prevention Intervention and Evaluation.
Read the required reading. You have a client from a vulnerable population, such as an economically disadvantaged and older adult, who needs to begin lifestyle changes with nutrition, exercise and stress management modifications. Discuss how you would approach nutrition, exercise and / or stress management counseling. Address food aid programs that would be appropriate for referral. What exercise recommendations would be appropriate for your client/s. Comment on stress management factors that may need addressed with your choice of the vulnerable population.
The response must be 200 words. 3 citations/references must be peer reviewed. No WebMD, Wiki, or dictionary.com
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: As an educator in the medical field, it is crucial to teach our students how to approach lifestyle changes in vulnerable populations, such as economically disadvantaged and older adults. This question focuses on how to approach nutrition, exercise, and stress management counseling when working with this population.
Answer: When counseling a vulnerable population, such as an economically disadvantaged and older adult, it is crucial to take a holistic approach to their health. To approach nutrition counseling, I would first assess their current diet, including any cultural preferences or limitations due to financial constraints. I would educate them on the importance of consuming a balanced diet, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. I would refer them to food aid programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP), which provide food assistance to eligible disadvantaged households.
For exercise recommendations, I would first assess their current physical activity level and any limitations due to medical conditions or mobility issues. I would recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week, such as brisk walking or swimming, as well as muscle-strengthening activities at least two days per week. I would also suggest simple physical activities they could incorporate into their daily routine, such as lifting canned goods or walking around the block.
Lastly, stress management is a crucial component of overall health. I would assess stress levels and suggest stress-reduction techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga. Additionally, I would work with the patient to identify any external factors causing stress, such as financial strains or caregiving responsibilities, and provide resources and referrals to address these issues.
1. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. https://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap. Accessed 21 August 2021.
2. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Commodity Supplemental Food Program. https://www.fns.usda.gov/csfp/commodity-supplemental-food-program. Accessed 21 August 2021.
3. American Heart Association. Recommendations for Physical Activity in Adults and Kids. https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/fitness/fitness-basics/aha-recs-for-physical-activity-in-adults. Accessed 21 August 2021.